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Open Access Highly Accessed Research

Organ-, inflammation- and cancer specific transcriptional fingerprints of pancreatic and hepatic stellate cells

Mert Erkan1, Nadine Weis2, Zheng Pan1, Christian Schwager2, Tamar Samkharadze1, Xiaohua Jiang1, Ute Wirkner2, Nathalia A Giese3, Wilhelm Ansorge2, Jürgen Debus2, Peter E Huber2, Helmut Friess1, Amir Abdollahi245* and Jörg Kleeff14*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of General Surgery, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany

2 Department of Radiation Oncology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) and University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany

3 Department of General Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany

4 Center of Cancer Systems Biology, Dept. of Medicine, Caritas St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02135-2997, USA

5 Children's Hospital Boston, Vascular Biology Program & Harvard Medical School, Department of Surgery, Karp Family Research Laboratories, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA

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Molecular Cancer 2010, 9:88  doi:10.1186/1476-4598-9-88

Published: 23 April 2010

Abstract

Background

Tissue fibrosis is an integral component of chronic inflammatory (liver and pancreas) diseases and pancreatic cancer. Activated pancreatic- (PSC) and hepatic- (HSC) stellate cells play a key role in fibrogenesis. To identify organ- and disease-specific stellate cell transcriptional fingerprints, we employed genome-wide transcriptional analysis of primary human PSC and HSC isolated from patients with chronic inflammation or cancer.

Methods

Stellate cells were isolated from patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (n = 5), chronic pancreatitis (n = 6), liver cirrhosis (n = 5) and liver metastasis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (n = 6). Genome-wide transcriptional profiles of stellate cells were generated using our 51K human cDNA microarray platform. The identified organ- and disease specific genes were validated by quantitative RT-PCR, immunoblot, ELISA, immunocytochemistry and immunohistochemistry.

Results

Expression profiling identified 160 organ- and 89 disease- specific stellate cell transcripts. Collagen type 11a1 (COL11A1) was discovered as a novel PSC specific marker with up to 65-fold higher expression levels in PSC compared to HSC (p < 0.0001). Likewise, the expression of the cytokine CCL2 and the cell adhesion molecule VCAM1 were confined to HSC. PBX1 expression levels tend to be increased in inflammatory- vs. tumor- stellate cells. Intriguingly, tyrosine kinase JAK2 and a member of cell contact-mediated communication CELSR3 were found to be selectively up-regulated in tumor stellate cells.

Conclusions

We identified and validated HSC and PSC specific markers. Moreover, novel target genes of tumor- and inflammation associated stellate cells were discovered. Our data may be instrumental in developing new tailored organ- or disease-specific targeted therapies and stellate cell biomarkers.