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Open Access Research

Farnesyl transferase inhibitors induce extended remissions in transgenic mice with mature B cell lymphomas

Kenneth A Field1*, Soratree Charoenthongtrakul1, J Michael Bishop2 and Yosef Refaeli3

Author Affiliations

1 Cell Biology and Biochemistry Program, Biology Department, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA, USA

2 G. W. Hooper Research Foundation and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA

3 Department of Pediatrics, Program in Cell Biology, National Jewish Medical and Research Center, Denver, CO 80206, and University of Colorado Cancer Center, Aurora, CO, USA

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Molecular Cancer 2008, 7:39  doi:10.1186/1476-4598-7-39

Published: 19 May 2008

Abstract

Background

We have used a mouse model based on overexpression of c-Myc in B cells genetically engineered to be self-reactive to test the hypothesis that farnesyl transferase inhibitors (FTIs) can effectively treat mature B cell lymphomas. FTIs are undergoing clinical trials to treat both lymphoid and non-lymphoid malignancies and we wished to obtain evidence to support the inclusion of B cell lymphomas in future trials.

Results

We report that two FTIs, L-744,832 and SCH66336, blocked the growth of mature B cell lymphoma cells in vitro and in vivo. The FTI treatment affected the proliferation and survival of the transformed B cells to a greater extent than naïve B cells stimulated with antigen. In syngeneic mice transplanted with the transgenic lymphoma cells, L-744,832 treatment prevented the growth of the tumor cells and the morbidity associated with the resulting lymphoma progression. Tumors that arose from transplantation of the lymphoma cells regressed with as little as three days of treatment with L-744,832 or SCH66336. Treatment of these established lymphomas with L-744,832 for seven days led to long-term remission of the disease in approximately 25% of animals.

Conclusion

FTI treatment can block the proliferation and survival of self-reactive transformed B cells that overexpress Myc. In mice transplanted with mature B cell lymphomas, we found that FTI treatment led to regression of disease. FTIs warrant further consideration as therapeutic agents for mature B cell lymphomas and other lymphoid tumors.